March 11, 2004


• Editor's Note
• Wisconsin Land Information Association Conference
• DeLorme Products for Professionals
• The Deep Web and GIS

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Editor's Note
Times Change. That's not news, I know. When GIS Monitor and the Ultimate Map/GIS Directory were launched back in 2000 the Web was a different place. Search engines were still maturing (they still are) and perhaps more importantly, Web surfers were still novices. Now, as we enter 2004, search engines are much better and we are all better users of them.

For that reason I think it's time to refocus the GIS Monitor website. The exploding growth of Web content means that a directory on nearly any topic, even a small directory, is never up-to-date. GIS Monitor's hundreds of pages have fallen prey to just that situation, and I feel there's little use in trying to catch up. The website has therefore morphed into a much smaller, topic-by-topic introduction to useful resources on the Web. I think these pages will be helpful for those just getting their bearings in GIS. Those who are more savvy, are ready to tackle the Web's many search tools to track their topics of interest.

A recent article in the Boston Globe supports my vision. It discusses how old style portals (think of Yahoo or Lycos) are redefining themselves. David Weinberger (a coauthor of The Cluetrain Manifesto, and Internet watcher) explains that "Portals were a table of contents view of the Web…Along came Google, which provided more of a back-of-the-book index view."

There's a second change on the website. For 3 ½ years I've posted press release-type news on the GIS Monitor website. First, I republished the releases, all available elsewhere, in their entirety. More recently, I boiled those documents down to a one or two sentence summary and collected a day's worth on a webpage. Those snippets appeared in each issue of GIS Monitor. Since January 1st, I have provided such tidbits only in the Week in Review section of this publication. Recall that press releases are what organizations want you to know or what must be disclosed by law (such as company filings, etc). What about the rest of the news? That's the material you'll read here each week.

GIS Monitor has been described as "going beyond the headlines." I can't recall if I said that or if someone else did, but I think it's fair and distinguishes the website and publication from others. That statement argues that my job is not to regurgitate what vendors, governments, or scientists have to say, but to put those statements in context for you. It also suggests that my job is to act as a filter to hold back the flood of information you face each day, and pass along just the relevant or interesting tidbits.

I want to do just that, daily, on the website. What you'll find in The Latest section on the main page of the website are paragraph summaries of the most important news of the day that put the topic in context. My hope is that will be enough information for you to (1) determine if the topic is worth your time, (2) read a summary that satisfies your interest or (3) explore more detailed information. The most important of these stories will continue to be gathered here each Thursday in the Points of Interest section.

Finally, I want to remind readers that every single GIS Monitor (since August 2000) is available online. I hope you find this archive a valuable resource; I know I do.

I hope you find these changes meet your needs. As always, I welcome your comments and suggestions.

Thanks for your continued support.


Wisconsin Land Information Association Conference

Last week the Wisconsin Land Information Association (
WLIA) held its annual conference. I didn't get an official count of past conferences, but this appears to be the fifteenth edition or so. WLIA is a grassroots organization drawing out GIS and related technology users across the state. I met municipal, county, and state staff, surveyors, assessors, university faculty, students, and private sector people. Attendance was about 460.

The first day included half-day, fee-based workshops covering topics such as an introduction to a free template for comprehensive planning, the use of an online application for ecological data, resources available for comprehensive planning, and GIS certification. There were also two free sessions (GIS in the classroom and an intro to GIS for local government officials). The workshops I attended focused on "Delivering GIS Functionality and Geospatial Data with Map Services" and "LiDAR Acquisition and Data Applications."

The Map Services session highlighted the importance of portals and provided a detailed demonstration of, as well as a demonstration of ArcIMS and how to upload its metadata to a portal. I'm a bit concerned that paid workshops may turn into software demonstrations. At this point in the development of Web services, I'll suggest that workshops might focus on what services are and how to use them. That might be paired with the arguments to make content and capabilities available via such services and related issues such as privacy, access, payments, etc.

The LiDAR session was very technology-focused and prompted lots of questions, some of which the presenters were quick to say they could not answer, but would explore and get back to us. I was reminded that LiDAR at one level is "just another type of remote sensing" but like any other, the better a potential user understands how it works, the better the user can judge if it's the right tool for the job. Some "neat facts" I picked up:

- LiDAR can be flown at night since it provides its own "light" via a laser. That's in contrast to traditional photography that depends on sunlight.

- LiDAR can't "see through" clouds, therefore weather is an issue.

- LiDAR picks up two pieces of information for each signal sent out: (1) how far away the feature the pulse hits is from the plane, which is used to determine the feature's elevation and (2) the reflectivity of the feature (how much of the signal the feature returns) which can be used to identify some features. Water, for example, absorbs nearly all of the energy will appear black.

Over lunch, between the morning and afternoon workshops, I spoke about the problem of "too much information" in the geospatial marketplace.

The first full day of sessions began with a keynote by William Holland and Peter Thum of GeoAnalytics. I found the discussion of the organizational and management issues in the enterprise didn't tie into the rest of the conference. Perhaps that simply reflected the session choices I made during the conference.

A session by a nationally known content management company titled "Enterprise-wide Content Management/Imaging & GIS Solutions" focused on Legato Systems and ESRI software. I was pleased to find a packed room in attendance for Jason Nyberg's 20 minute (!) "Introduction to Digital Aerial Camera Systems and Uses." He made great use of time by cutting right to the chase about the differences between small/medium and large format offerings, and digital vs. film workflows. He told me later that sometimes he offers this session as a three-hour workshop, but I for one thought this "bottom line" quick overview was very effective. I'd encourage conference organizers to consider this type of focused technology overview for future conferences.

A final morning session titled "New Tools for Web GIS Development" was a demonstration of Taylor Technologies Rapid Integration Toolkit (RIT). I was encouraged that the session began with an overview of Web mapping offerings used in Wisconsin, including MapServer which was described as "free software" instead of the more correct "open source." The big news from Taylor Technologies is that the RIT which is essentially a "no programming required" development environment for MapGuide, will in time be available for ArcIMS.

The lunch and town meeting helped me understand the role of WLIA in the geospatial work of the state. The group tries to solve important issues, including for example, the fact that 60 or so county coordinate systems aren't supported by some GIS software products. Task forces take on other key issues as well, and submit "standards" for the state.

In the afternoon I attended a session on a county's move from MGE to ArcGIS which focused on the trials and tribulations of moving to the geodatabase. This clearly happens quite a lot, and even those moving from older ESRI systems will face some of the same issues raised by Waukesha county's discussion. I think attendees took home the important message that the move is not simple, but possible, and that the move is worth the effort. Hearing the story from those who actually went through it was refreshing after hearing a few too many vendors in the morning.

I was specifically invited to a session on the Wisconsin Land Information Systems (WLIS, pronounced "willis") Pilot Project. This group presentation spoke to the vision and history of a proposed statewide GIS portal. The Wisconsin Department of Administration (DOA), in 2002, requested that the Department of Natural Resources help implement a prototype of WLIS. DOA then awarded grants to two counties to begin implementations. The session highlighted the two counties' experiences and looked ahead to what was possible. The strongest illustration of the importance of such a resource was delivered in a "before vs. after" story. The scenario actually occurred: a farmer was spreading manure in inappropriate locations causing water contamination. The county GIS technician explained how he'd tackled the problem using ArcView and gathering data from the areas involved. Then, the same problem was tackled with the prototype portal.

For now, the prototype uses only ESRI software for the portal and those serving data, but the next pilot projects hope to address interoperability issues and include other technologies. The prototype team in Wisconsin, and other groups I've met, noted that funding for such work can be hard to come by.

I want to again recommend local, smaller conferences to anyone looking for networking and learning opportunities. The halls were full of discussion, all on topic. I literally heard no discussions of the Kalahari's indoor water park, which was connected to the conference venue. I do want to raise one concern. My sense is that these smaller events may depend more on vendors for presentations and workshops than larger ones. I encourage attendees (and potential attendees) to speak their minds on the role they want vendors to play in such events.

DeLorme Products for Professionals

Over the past few years DeLorme has begun offering mapping and GIS products outside the consumer realm. I recall the release of
XMap, which I fear I confused with MapX and presumed was a developer tool. I was wrong; XMap family members are all end user products. (DeLorme does indeed offer developer solutions, too.) I also recall making a mental note when the company bought a LiDAR system and a digital sensor for its TopoBird data collection platform. (At right, a TopoBird shot of DeLorme Headquarters from April of last year at 15 cm resolution.) A few weeks ago the company released XMap/GIS Editor, its first full function GIS. But only this week, when the company announced a GPS post-processing solution did the bell go off in my head that this company was ready to serve the professional geospatial community.


So, I sort of hung my head in shame and called DeLorme to find out what I'd missed. Geoffrey Ives, Director of Professional Sales, explained that the XMap family was launched in 2000 and in the early years focused its support primarily on data available from DeLorme (a USA street database, quads, etc.). Users could bring in scanned files, geocode, and import shape files, but the idea was that most data was purchased or created via geocoding or GPS. XMap products include a tab, NetLink, that will allow direct download of data from the DeLorme library. Each successive release added more data type support. The recently released XMap/GIS Editor is aimed squarely at the GIS professional. XMap/GIS Editor supports an "organization's own" data, as Ives put it. By that he means the product imports and can edit shape files, DWG, E00, GML 2.0, etc. Moreover, XMap/GIS Editor supports thematic mapping, queries and other "high end" GIS functions. The price point: under $1,000. There's a table comparing XMap and XMap/GIS Editor functionality here. (That's a bit of interface, at left.)

This week's announcement of GPS PostPro 2.0 upped the ante again. For a few hundred dollars, DeLorme provides post-processing to get data down to sub-meter accuracy. (XMap owners and new purchasers get a discount on GPS PostPro.) The package includes an Earthmate GPS to use as a base station and the ability to tap into CORS or other online data feeds for correction. Typical cost for such a package from a traditional GPS vendor: about $3,500. While sub-meter data may not be appropriate for serious surveying, it's quite appropriate for assigning asset locations for GASB 34, rough utility measurements, and planning purposes.

And, DeLorme has not forgotten the Web. XMap Web serves out maps authored in several of the XMap products. An XMap Web 3.0 trial is included with the XMap/GIS, which provides a publish to Web "button." XMap Web 3.0's pricing is based on an annual fee plus the cost of XMap/GIS, and is OGC Web Map Service compliant, another nod to the professional user.


So how did DeLorme get into a position to offer professional products? Ives explained that the company's GPS technology has been behind three generations of receivers. At the same time, the company has been offering data sets and evolving its expertise there. Says Ives, "We believe that by making GPS technology more available and affordable for professional customers we will gain a loyal following of DeLorme professional users, who stand buy our products just like our consumer users do." (That's some public domain data, drawn in XMap/GIS Editor at right.)

DeLorme is a rather new player in the professional space. Still, it has created a compelling set of products at affordable prices. The company's success in the consumer space may well help it craft the right products for the professional space. I can't help but be reminded of Thales taking advantage of its consumer (Magellan) roots and weaving that expertise into its professional products. Look for something similar here, just at a different price point.

The Deep Web
Salon had an interesting
article this week about Yahoo's recent decision to start a paid inclusion program and a related topic. (You may have to sit through some commercials to read the whole article; that's how Salon writers get paid.) The idea behind paid inclusion is that by paying one ensures results come up when users search using "GIS" for example. This is not what Google does with its right side ads that are labeled ads. In the Yahoo metaphor, the listings blend in with other unpaid ones. But, says a Yahoo rep, "If you pay, it has no input to where you're ranked." Ok, right, sure. Tell me again why I'm paying?

But Salon goes beyond that discussion and highlights another trend worth watching, one referred to as unearthing the "deep Web," that part hidden in databases and typically beyond regular search engine's reach. I have some examples from our field. Ever notice that while the text of some print articles in our field are online, there's no way to find them via a search engine? Why? They live in a database, one not accessible via Google or Yahoo. As a second example, consider that most people I speak to use Google as a primary means to find GIS data. Why? It can find things not listed in Federal Geographic Data Committee Clearinghouses or or the Geography Network. Recall too, that data in those systems must be entered (at least once) by a human and hence the number of accessible documents is limited. Google sends out "bots" and has access to far more documents. On the other hand, Google doesn't know how to search the clearinghouses!

Now, there's good news and bad news here. The good news is that these "deep resources" typically have much better, much more structured metadata than the rest of the Web's documents. That means, hopefully, that once we have access to them, it'll be easier to find exactly what we want. More good news is that such databases can be opened up to search engines via application programming interfaces or Web services. The bad news is that for now search engines are not smart enough to tap into these treasures without "help." Still there's hope: Google can sort images (if only by name not content) and search PDF files. New players like BrightPlanet and Dipsie are finding ways to get into the deep Web.

I for one am hopeful all of our good work creating standard, effective spatial metadata will, in time, be accessible via many paths.

• Nick Park of GeoFields was not familiar with the Power of Ten film I noted two weeks ago, but shared a similar
film hosted at Florida State University which starts out at the Milky Way and zooms in to campus and beyond.

Points of Interest
Can't Get Enough? The GIS Monitor
website now includes daily postings of Points of Interest. To keep GIS Monitor mailings to a reasonable size, you'll find just "the best of" the week's stories here.

Speak Your Mind on Location. A month or so ago my college's alumni magazine featured a photo spread about the new athletics center. I drooled over the new track and facilities remembering the less-than-optimal resources I used in my time in school. One problem with the feature? No mention at all of the location of the new facility. My letter to the editor on the topic was paired with another that noted a mislabeled location for the Alumni Association under the title: "Location, Location, Location." I suppose I should mention that said school no longer has a geography department. Coincidence?

ArcIMS: Favorite Networking Tool? NetworkWorld is one of those freebie weeklies for the techno set. Last week it let users pick and hype their favorite networking solutions. ArcIMS was touted by the ISS manager of Daytona Beach. I don't think of ArcIMS as a networking product and it's not clear the selector compared it to anything else. Says the nominator, "So far, we've probably only done about 20% of what we can with this tool." Reader Larry sent on that link.

Lawsuit Threatens MapInfo. In a filing related to making some stock available for sale, MapInfo revealed that it was threatened with a lawsuit. MapInfo notes it's in relation to TargetPro but is unrelated to actions it took against SRC involving the product.

Space Imaging Still in NGA Talks. The National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA) has been in talks with Space Imaging for several weeks regarding a deal not unlike DigitalGlobe's win with NextView. The end of February was set as a goal for completing talks, but they've continued on into March. The new plan is to have a deal by month's end. Ideally a $500 million contract would assure a new satellite to replace IKONOS.

Pictometry Data Online. Lee County, Florida convinced Pictometry to drop its $1 million price tag to put the county's oblique imagery on the Web. The county will be the first in the nation to do so. Privacy is protected since the images "will pixelate when you zoom in on a license plate, or a person's face." The article also notes that "Florida Department of Law Enforcement and even the Office of Homeland Security" are embracing the company's technology. There's a demo available of the Lee County website.

Kudos and Conundrums
Have you seen something in our industry worthy of kudos? Or that makes you scratch your head?
Send it on. You may take credit or remain anonymous.

Kudos (concepts we applaud)

O'Reilly and Microsoft. Tim O'Reilly (yes, the Tim O'Reilly of the books and conferences) is bothering Microsoft about its prohibitive pricing for the MapPoint Web Service. He argues that "hackers" like himself should get more reasonable cost access to help innovate. At one time he bugged AOL/MapQuest, but gave up and turned to Microsoft. He's heartened that the company is asking for input on such adjusted pricing.

Manage Cell Phones by Touch. Atrua Technologies, Inc.'s Atrua Wings adds a twist to controlling cell phones. It uses haptic processing, that is touch, to confirm identities and serve as a type of super-mouse. The idea is to simplify mobile purchases, enhance games, and enhance location-based services so that mobile users use their phones more. One goodie for LBS: the ability to rotate the map to match the user's perspective. This technology should make things easier, perhaps breaking down another barrier to security and mobile purchasing.

Yahoo Maps Upgraded. Yahoo has upgraded its mapping offerings with technology called SmartView. After geocoding an address, the system one can overlay various datasets: restaurants, entertainment, transportation, etc. The latter is most welcome; I'm annoyed when I can't find the relationship of a hotel to a Metro stop in DC, for example. Yahoo's done a nice job with layout and the website is fast.

Conundrums (concepts we question)

Wireless in the Wilderness. According to the LA Times (subscription required) a consortium of European firms have built WebPark, a wireless network that will give visitors to natural areas information on plant species, distance to trail heads and other "guide book" type information. The system, says the article, may put guide book publishers and tour guides out of business and perhaps more importantly remove "wonder" from the outdoor experience.

Location-based Playlist. The fellow behind the "geek gym," a bunch of high tech toys he wears while running, has added a new twist. Now, based on where he is, different music plays. He notes his preferences for different music for hills vs. flats, etc. I guess the ultimate is playing the theme from Rocky while one traverses the steps of the Philly library. That's more than a little bit of "doing it because I can," isn't it?

Week in Review

• Announcements
DigitalGlobe has supplied free QuickBird satellite imagery to support the Department of Defense's Grand Challenge. Imagery covering 1,000 square miles between Barstow, Calif. and Las Vegas, Nev. was donated to the A.I. Motorvators team (Los Angeles, Calif.) to win the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Grand Challenge's $1 million cash prize.

Not to be outdone, Space Imaging's high-resolution IKONOS satellite imagery is being used by Carnegie Mellon University's "Red Team."

John Deere Ag Management Solutions (AMS) announces the formation of a strategic alliance with MapShots Inc. to design desktop software for farmers and ranchers. Through this alliance, MapShots and AMS will develop a version of EASi Suites for GreenStar applications.

Ubisense won the East of England Spirit of Ingenuity Award. The annual competition recognizes the most promising new technologies created in one of Europe's leading centers of innovation.

MapQuest and Tele Atlas announced the integration of Tele Atlas map data into MapQuest Advantage Enterprise, a client-server system that enables enterprises to integrate maps, driving directions, and other location-based technology into Web and desktop applications.

Harris Corporation has acquired ImageLinks, Inc., a company specializing in geospatial data sets for the visualization and simulation markets, as well as high-value image processing and archival systems based on open source software solutions. The two companies are in Melbourne, Florida. ImageLinks was a Harris spin-off. It's not unexpected says an analyst in a Florida paper.

Tele Atlas, a worldwide leading provider of digital map data and dynamic location content, and ROUTE 66, a specialist in geographic software and hardware products, announced today that Tele Atlas' turn-by-turn digital maps are powering ROUTE 66's new route planners for the North American market.

• Contracts and Sales
Boone County GIS and PlaNet GIS recently contracted national GIS consulting firm James W. Sewall Company to create new color digital orthophotography and to update existing planimetric mapping within a three-county area of northern Kentucky, Greater Cincinnati.

Telcontar will supply its high performance Rich Map Engine to enhance Motorola's VIAMOTO solution.

GDC, a UK provider of local government corporate GIS solutions, announced that 2003 saw 27 new contracts for its e-Government solution GeoPlatform, as geographic information starts to play an increasingly strategic role in UK e-government initiatives.

Innovative Mapping Solutions announced an agreement with Hamilton County, Indiana, to distribute its GIS data. The CD-ROM product, called Data Now, puts the power of GIS on any desktop in a way that makes it affordable and easy-to-use.

Intergraph Mapping and Geospatial Solutions announced the City of Red Deer, Alberta, Canada, has selected Intergraph Land Information Management solutions as the foundation of an enterprise information system to make spatial data and spatial functionality accessible throughout the organization. I find this funny because a previous release of AutoCAD was code named Red Deer. Oddly, in the logo, the deer is actually blue, which amuses my niece and nephews.

BioMedware, an Ann Arbor software research and development firm, was recently awarded $100,000 by the National Cancer Institute for a pilot project grant for new approaches to health analysis, specifically using techniques originally developed for mining exploration and geostatistics. BioMedware's commercialization partner is TerraSeer.

GAF AG has been awarded a contract by the National Water Authority (Ministry of Public Works and Housing) in Maputo, Mozambique.

Laser-Scan has a contract from Aeronautical Information Documents Unit (No. 1 AIDU) of the Royal Air Force for the enhancement of the Object Oriented Aeronautical Production System (APS).

Itron, Inc. announced a new contract with Origin GeoSystems and Withlacoochee River Electric Cooperative (WREC) to provide automated mapping, facilities management, geographic information system (AM/FM/GIS), and automated staking solutions for the Dade City, Florida cooperative.

• Products
Telcontar, a supplier of software and related services for location-based Services (LBS), has released Traffic Manager 2.0 which seamlessly integrates real-time traffic flow and incident information with existing applications.

LizardTech announced the availability of a new ArcIMS Integration Toolkit that increases the speed of streaming MrSID images over the Internet.

Autodesk released Autodesk Pre-Plan and Autodesk Pre-Plan Command software applications. The software is aimed at first responders and public safety professionals who can use the tool to turn complex architectural drawings into an easy-to-understand component of tactical and fire attack preplans. Autodesk Pre-Plan is built on AutoCAD OEM 2004, referred to as "low cost" and basically is a layer management tool (group layers, delete layers, add symbols, etc.). Pre-Plan command adds the same tools to Autodesk Map.

Navigation Technologies now offers a map of Mexico City.

• Training
Intergraph Mapping and Geospatial Solutions announced open registration for "Introduction to Geographic Information Science (GIS)," an online education program presented by the Intergraph GeoSpatial Users Community (IGUC).

• Events
GeoBusiness Market Analysis for Retail Location is a 3-day residential training course to be held at Wendover, Bucks, UK on June 15-17 2004. The one-day GeoBusiness Conference 2004 will be October 14.

The Urban and Regional Information Systems Association (URISA) is pleased to announce that abstracts are now being accepted for its 2004 Caribbean GIS Conference. The conference will take place at the Sherbourne Conference Centre in Barbados, September 13-17, 2004.

The Annual IMAGIN Conference, Geography on the Move: Managing the Change, will take place May 3-5, 2004 at the Holiday Inn - South/Convention Center in Lansing, Michigan.

Planning for the 17th Annual GIS in the Rockies Conference is underway. The new Board of Directors selected the theme "Worlds of Opportunity" to convey the excitement this industry offers and the range of topics it includes. The Conference will be October 6-8, 2004 at the Plaza at the Mart, a facility at the Denver Merchandise Mart.

ACSM and TAPS announced program details of their annual conference and technology exhibition April 16-21, 2004 at the Nashville Convention Center in Nashville, Tennessee.

• Hires
Laser-Scan announced the growth of its Customer Support and Development departments, with the appointment of eight new staff members. The new recruits include Ian Faulkner and Matthew Mumford, who join the customer support team and Chris Evans, Keith Thomson, Jon Ward, Jonathan Head, Graham Trott, and Peter Gregory.

MapMart, a subsidiary of IntraSearch, Inc, announced that Terry Ryan has been promoted to Director of Sales. Terry previously held the Business Development Manager position at the company.

Applanix appointed Dan Winters new Vice President of Sales and Marketing, replacing Dieter Zeuner who retired from the role on Dec 31, 2003.

Landata Technologies Inc. has named Alan J. Cellura president and chief executive officer. He will be based in San Antonio, Texas. Landata Technologies, a wholly owned subsidiary of Stewart Information Services Corp., offers electronic conversion, e-recording, and e-commerce tools to government entities and title companies.

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